It is difficult to think up more suitable option of accommodation for the traveler, than hostel. This type of hotel received wide popularity of modern students, mainly thanks to low price. However, hostels become popular and among more mature population, especially pensioners. Hostel movement in the XX century so-called backpackers — the tourists traveling with one backpack behind shoulders, seeking to visit as much as possible places for a trip gave to development a big impulse and often have no initially accurate route of travel. Such tourists were especially numerous in the 1960-70th, in blossoming of culture of hippie. With the advent of cheaper transport (including, airlines low-cost airlines) hostel movement became stronger. The passion to change of places at readiness to be content with the minimum quantity of conveniences led to growth of popularity of hostels worldwide.

In France hostels are called as "auberge de jeunesse", in Germany — "jugendherberge", in Spain — "albergue juvenil". However, all these concepts are translated approximately equally. Ubiquitous Wikipedia gives the following definition:" Hostel (English Hostel — the hostel) — the European system of placement providing to the lodgers for short or long term the housing representing, as a rule, a berth without additional conveniences in the room".

Distinctive feature of hostel is finding of the general shower cabins and toilets on a floor, but not in each number. However it doesn't mean that on the conditions hostels concede to hotels. Hostels differ in the purity and even in more strict rules of accommodation, than five-star hotels.

The very first hostel in today's value of this word was founded at the beginning of the twentieth century, in 1909, in Germany. Once the school teacher, whose name is Richard Schirmann decided to take out on days off the pupils to the country. School students were from poor families, to spend the night somewhere for money it wasn't represented possible. Spent the night at local schools — all the same in days off and on vacation they were empty. Gradually in Schirmann's head the idea of inexpensive placement for youth which would work at a constant basis was created. The teacher equipped the first such hostel directly at school at which worked. In the evening Schirmann with several pupils took out from classes of a school desk and chairs, and on a floor stacked bags with straw. Early in the morning guests helped the teacher to take out these improvised beds and to place back school desks and chairs. Over time the first hostel moved to Alten's lock. There it, by the way, exists still.

The hostel movement was got by a great number of followers. In 1932 the International federation of youth hostels (International Youth Hostel Federation) in Amsterdam was created. The Federation at that time included representatives of Switzerland, Poland, England, Holland, France, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Ireland, Belgium and, certainly, Germany. Richard Shirmann headed Federation.

Hostels favorably differ from hotels not only the price, but also the atmosphere which reigns there. Unlike hotel people don't disperse according to numbers and aren't locked up in them. In hostels the similar situation is simply inconceivable. In hostels special rooms for communication where all come to communicate, get acquainted with new interesting people are provided or can be simple to meet the compatriot. The rule of a good form is considered to start talking to the roommate, to a table or even to the subject having a shave at the next wash basin, to exchange couple of phrases concerning the city in which you are at present, and also to ask and tell about the route, about that from where you are. Standard beginning of all similar talk: "Hi, where are you from?" (Hi, you from where will be?”). It isn't excluded that similar conversation will pass into a joint sightseeing, friendship or even joint continuation of travel. Unlike hotel which the majority considers only as "a place where it is possible to have a sleep", the hostel is a special world in which it is possible and it is necessary to communicate, and to bring new acquaintances.

Today in the world about 4, 5 thousand hostels in nearly 60 countries of the world are. Modern hostels, offer the guests full range of services – beginning from a classical lodging for the night (a berth plus necessary infrastructure) and free zone Wi-Fi, to the B&B offer (bed and breakfast) and bar and indoors. Many European Hostels in parallel carry out today function of a club or exhibition platform, are used for certain events— the championships on board games, the organization of exhibitions and "home concerts". Invariable is one – inexpensive comfortable housing for small, reasonable price!